A stub to list out all the terminology from the Big Lebowski.
Brother Shamus: A fellow detective. "What is that, an Irish monk?" — The Dude
Micturate: To pee (perhaps on someone's rug)
Oat soda: Beer
Dinged up: Damaged
Gotta feed the Monkey = 1) Got to go to work. 2) Got to get some money.
Shabbas, Shabbos = Saturday, or Friday sundown to Saturday sundown. Or any day of rest.
Marty = Landlord or Rent